This document mirrors the MX/antiX bootloader help menu that can be accessed by hitting F1 while in the boot loader.

Help

WELCOME to MX Linux (Fusion)!

The demo user password is "demo" (no quotes)
The root password is "root" (no quotes)

NOTE: Info below pertains to Live boot menu on legacy/bios machines. Live boot menu on UEFI machines lacks such a Help menu, showing three entries instead: MX-15_x64, Failsafe and Custom boot (with menus). Select "Custom Boot" to access the Help entries as below.

Tip: press [Esc] at any time to leave the help system.

Using the Help System

The help system consists of a set of linked pages that you can navigate through with the follow keys.

Tip: use [Left Arrow] or [Backspace] to go back to your place (same highlighted link) on the previous page.

Go to General Help

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General Help

This bootloader lets you select what to boot: MX Linux, hard drive boot, or memtest. In the case of MX Linux you can select which boot parameters (cheat codes) get set. There are three ways to enter information:

Tip: press [F12] to see all the currently selected boot options.

Go to Using the Help System
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F2: Select Language

Press [F2] to get a list of supported languages. Select your language. In addition to setting the language, this option will also set the keyboard layout and timezone. If your country has more than one timezone then use the F3 Timezone menu to explicitly set the timezone for your area.

This menu is an easy shortcut for entering lang=[language-code] directly on the boot options line.

The default language is American English.

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F3: Select Timezone

Press [F3] to get at list of cities in various time zones. The cities are listed in time zone order so they circle the globe eastward. If your area uses Daylight Savings Time then make sure you select a city that does also. These cities are marked with a trailing * (asterisk). Your system will be started using the timezone selected.

The menu is an easy shortcut for entering tz=[your-timezone] directly on the boot line.

The default time zone is Eastern Time (EST or EDT depending on the time of year).

Tip: you do not have to use this menu if you have set a language and your country/area has only one time-zone.

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F4: Miscellaneous Options

You can only select one of these options. If you want more than one then you will need to type some of them in manually.

checkmd5 -------- Check integrity of the install media.
checkfs ------------ Check LiveUSB ext2/3/4 and persistent file systems.
toram --------------- Copy the compressed file system to RAM.
from=usb --------- Finish booting from a LiveUSB
nousb2 ------------ Disable all usb-2 devices.
acpi=off ----------- Disable ACPI. This helps on some older laptops.
hwclock=utc ----- Use UTC for hardware clock (Linux-only systems)
hwclock=local --- Use localtime for hardware clock (Windows systems)
hwclock=ask ---- Have the system help determine the clock setting
private ------------ Change passwords before booting
savestate --------- Save some files across reboots (LiveUSB only)
nosavestate ------ Don't save files across reboots (LiveUSB only)

See Option Details One for details on some of these options
See Option Details Two for details on more of these options
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F4 Option Details One

Check File Systems (checkfs)
Check all ext2/3/4 file systems used by the LiveUSB/frugal-install and by persistence. Will not check a LiveCD or a LiveUSB made with a fat32 file system.

To Ram (toram)
Copy the linuxfs file to RAM. This takes some time during the boot but it will make LiveCDs and USB-1.0 LiveUSBs run much faster after the boot is complete.

From USB (from=usb)
For machines that can't boot directly from usb, this lets you start booting from a LiveCD and finish booting from a LiveUSB. It provides most of the features that are only available on the LiveUSB

See Option Details Two for details on other options
Back to F4 Miscellaneous Options List
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F4 Option Details Two

Hardware Clock (hwclock=[utc|local])
The hardware clock saves the time and date between boots. If you are dual booting with Windows then use local, otherwise utc is best.

Saving State (savestate, nosavestate)
These options should only appear on a LiveUSB/frugal-install. Even if persistence is not enabled we will save some files for you across reboots which can be handy. See the directory /antiX/state/ on the LiveUSB which will be created on the first boot.

Use your own passwords (private)
The system will prompt you for a new root and new demo password when it boots. The well known default passwords are not secure. This simple step greatly increases the security of your live system.

See Option Details One for details on other options
Back to F4 Miscellaneous Options List
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F5: Persistence and Frugal Options

Root Persistence let you save your file system between boots and makes the Live system act like an installed system in many ways. The amount of changes you can save this way is limited so you should periodically do a remaster to save all of your changes in the compressed linuxfs file and reset the root persistence.

Home persistence just saves the files under the /home directory. The only limit to how much you can save is how large you make the homefs file. If you want to save a lot of data or large files on a live system then enable home persistence and save the files under your home directory.

Frugal, when first used, will do a "frugal" install on an existing hard drive partition without hurting what is already there. You can do a frugal install on a Windows partition. After the first time, will boot into the previously created frugal system. Works like a LiveUSB but has the speed of the hard drive it is installed on.

Persistence only options
Frugal options
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F5: Persistence Options

Persistence and Frugal Introduction
Frugal options
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F5: Frugal Options

Frugal will create a frugal install on an existing partition if one does not already exist. If one exits then boots directly into it. This may be the fastest and easiest way to install Linux. Think of it as a to-disk analog of the toram option.

Persistence and Frugal Introduction
Persistence only options
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F6: Failsafe Booting and Safe Video

Try these options of you have trouble booting or if you can can't get to X-Windows (the GUI).

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F7: Set Console Resolution

This menu allows you to set the resolution of the virtual consoles using the deprecated vga kernel boot parameter. This works well on many older systems but the codes for newer systems with wide screen displays are non-standard. For example the 1600x1200* resolution works in Virtual Box but may not work elsewhere.

Most newer systems support Kernel Mode Setting (KMS) which lets the video driver handle the consoles and automatically sets the highest resolution possible.

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Frugal Install

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F8: Save Bootloader Settings

On LiveUSBs and Frugal installs, the F8 Save menu should appear. A LiveUSB made with the "dd" command acts like a LiveCD and does not have the F8 Save menu.

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Main Menu Boot Options

These are the options that show up in the Boot Options box.

quiet
Tell the kernel to not print a lot of debugging information to the screen.

disable_srv=LX
Disable some startup services for faster booting and less RAM usage.

nomodeset
Do not let the video driver take over the console. If the screen goes blank early in the boot process then you probably need this option.

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Boot Option Instructions

There are many boot options available. They are usually only necessary if your system will not boot properly. To use the boot options just place the appropriate code in the Boot Options box at the bottom of the main screen. You may also need to edit or delete options that are already in the Boot Options box.

You can't make permanent changes on a LiveCD or a LiveDVD. You have to enter them each time you boot. You can make permanent changes on some LiveUSBs.

Go to MX Boot Options
Go to Kernel Boot Options

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MX Boot Options

These are options that are only available in MX

NOTE: Four of these options are combined into the single nosysv= option. For example nosysv=LMX.

Back to Boot Option Instructions
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Kernel Boot Options

Select a Boot Option to learn more about it.

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ACPI

ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface) is a standard that defines power and configuration management interfaces between an operating system and the BIOS. By default, acpi is switched on when boot detects a BIOS newer than the year 2000. There are several commonly used parameters to control the behavior of ACPI:

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noXXXX

Skips detection of or enables support for specific hardware.

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PCI

Some PCI options:

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nodma

To mitigate some hardware problems that occur with IDE hard drives, try this kernel parameter:

ide=nodma -- switch off dma for IDE drives

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Information about and help for MX-15

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